Win32_Printer

Capabilities and management of the Printer LogicalDevice.

Quick Start

Properties

Most WMI properties are read-only. You can only read values but not change them. Few properties are also writeable. You can assign new values to those properties.

Writeable properties are marked with this icon:   

  Attributes

Data type UInt32

The Attributes property indicates the attributes of the Win32 printing device. These attributes are represented through a combination of flags. Attributes of the printer include:

Queued
 Print jobs are buffered and queued.

Direct
 Specifies that the document should be sent directly to the printer. This is used if print job are not being properly queued.

Default – The printer is the default printer on the computer.

Shared – Available as a shared network resource.

Network – Attached to the network.

Hidden – Hidden from some users on the network.

Local – Directly connected to this computer.

EnableDevQ – Enable the queue on the printer if available.

KeepPrintedJobs – Specifies that the spooler should not delete documents after they are printed.

DoCompleteFirst – Start jobs that are finished spooling first.

WorkOffline – Queue print jobs when printer is not available.

EnableBIDI – Enable bi-directional printing.

RawOnly – Allow only raw data type jobs to be spooled.

Published – Indicates whether the printer is published in the network directory service.

$Queued=1
$Direct=2
$Default=4
$Shared=8
$Network=16
$Hidden=32
$Local=64
$EnableDevQ=128
$KeepPrintedJobs=256
$DoCompleteFirst=512
$WorkOffline=1024
$EnableBIDI=2048
$RawOnly=4096
$Published=8192

$Attributes = $EnableBIDI + $Published

Availability

Data type UInt16

The availability and status of the device. For example, the Availability property indicates that the device is running and has full power (value=3), or is in a warning (4), test (5), degraded (10) or power save state (values 13-15 and 17). Regarding the power saving states, these are defined as follows: Value 13 (“Power Save – Unknown”) indicates that the device is known to be in a power save mode, but its exact status in this mode is unknown; 14 (“Power Save – Low Power Mode”) indicates that the device is in a power save state but still functioning, and may exhibit degraded performance; 15 (“Power Save – Standby”) describes that the device is not functioning but could be brought to full power ‘quickly’; and value 17 (“Power Save – Warning”) indicates that the device is in a warning state, though also in a power save mode.

$Availability_ReturnValue = 
@{
    1='Other'
    2='Unknown'
    3='Running/Full Power'
    4='Warning'
    5='In Test'
    6='Not Applicable'
    7='Power Off'
    8='Off Line'
    9='Off Duty'
   10='Degraded'
   11='Not Installed'
   12='Install Error'
   13='Power Save - Unknown'
   14='Power Save - Low Power Mode'
   15='Power Save - Standby'
   16='Power Cycle'
   17='Power Save - Warning'
   18='Paused'
   19='Not Ready'
   20='Not Configured'
   21='Quiesced'
}

AvailableJobSheets

Data type String

Describes all of the job sheets that are available on the Printer. This can also be used to describe the banner that a Printer might provide at the beginning of each Job, or can describe other user specified options.

AveragePagesPerMinute

Data type UInt32

The AveragePagesPerMinute property specifies the rate (average number of pages per minute) that the printer is capable of sustaining.

Capabilities

Data type UInt16

An array of integers indicating Printer capabilities. Information such as “Duplex Printing” (value=3) or “Transparency Printing” (7) is specified in this property.

CapabilityDescriptions

Data type String

An array of free-form strings providing more detailed explanations for any of the Printer features indicated in the Capabilities array. Note, each entry of this array is related to the entry in the Capabilities array that is located at the same index.

Caption

Data type String

The Caption property is a short textual description (one-line string) of the object.

CharSetsSupported

Data type String

Identifies the available character sets for the output of text related to managing the Printer. Strings provided in this property should conform to the semantics and syntax specified by section 4.1.2 (“Charset parameter”) in RFC 2046 (MIME Part 2) and contained in the IANA character-set registry. Examples include “utf-8”, “us-ascii” and “iso-8859-1”.

  Comment

Data type String

The Comment property specifies the comment of a print queue.

Example: Color printer

ConfigManagerErrorCode

Data type UInt32

Indicates the Win32 Configuration Manager error code. The following values may be returned:

0 This device is working properly.

1 This device is not configured correctly.

2 Windows cannot load the driver for this device.

3 The driver for this device might be corrupted, or your system may be running low on memory or other resources.

4 This device is not working properly. One of its drivers or your registry might be corrupted.

5 The driver for this device needs a resource that Windows cannot manage.

6 The boot configuration for this device conflicts with other devices.

7 Cannot filter.

8 The driver loader for the device is missing.

9 This device is not working properly because the controlling firmware is reporting the resources for the device incorrectly.

10 This device cannot start.

11 This device failed.

12 This device cannot find enough free resources that it can use.

13 Windows cannot verify this device’s resources.

14 This device cannot work properly until you restart your computer.

15 This device is not working properly because there is probably a re-enumeration problem.

16 Windows cannot identify all the resources this device uses.

17 This device is asking for an unknown resource type.

18 Reinstall the drivers for this device.

19 Your registry might be corrupted.

20 Failure using the VxD loader.

21 System failure: Try changing the driver for this device. If that does not work, see your hardware documentation. Windows is removing this device.

22 This device is disabled.

23 System failure: Try changing the driver for this device. If that doesn’t work, see your hardware documentation.

24 This device is not present, is not working properly, or does not have all its drivers installed.

25 Windows is still setting up this device.

26 Windows is still setting up this device.

27 This device does not have valid log configuration.

28 The drivers for this device are not installed.

29 This device is disabled because the firmware of the device did not give it the required resources.

30 This device is using an Interrupt Request (IRQ) resource that another device is using.

31 This device is not working properly because Windows cannot load the drivers required for this device.

$ConfigManagerErrorCode_ReturnValue = 
@{
    0='This device is working properly.'
    1='This device is not configured correctly.'
    2='Windows cannot load the driver for this device.'
    3='The driver for this device might be corrupted    4= or your system may be running low on memory or other resources.'

    5='This device is not working properly. One of its drivers or your registry might be corrupted.'
    6='The driver for this device needs a resource that Windows cannot manage.'
    7='The boot configuration for this device conflicts with other devices.'
    8='Cannot filter.'
    9='The driver loader for the device is missing.'
   10='This device is not working properly because the controlling firmware is reporting the resources for the device incorrectly.'
   11='This device cannot start.'
   12='This device failed.'
   13='This device cannot find enough free resources that it can use.'
   14='Windows cannot verify this device's resources.'    15='This device cannot work properly until you restart your computer.'    16='This device is not working properly because there is probably a re-enumeration problem.'    17='Windows cannot identify all the resources this device uses.'    18='This device is asking for an unknown resource type.'    19='Reinstall the drivers for this device.'    20='Failure using the VxD loader.'    21='Your registry might be corrupted.'    22='System failure: Try changing the driver for this device. If that does not work
   23= see your hardware documentation. Windows is removing this device.'    24='This device is disabled.'    25='System failure: Try changing the driver for this device. If that doesn't work    26= see your hardware documentation.'
   27='This device is not present   28= is not working properly
   29= or does not have all its drivers installed.'

   30='Windows is still setting up this device.'
   31='Windows is still setting up this device.'
}

ConfigManagerUserConfig

Data type Boolean

Indicates whether the device is using a user-defined configuration.

CreationClassName

Data type String

CreationClassName indicates the name of the class or the subclass used in the creation of an instance. When used with the other key properties of this class, this property allows all instances of this class and its subclasses to be uniquely identified.

CurrentCapabilities

Data type UInt16

Specifies which finishings and other capabilities of the Printer are currently being used. An entry in this property should also be listed in the Capabilities array.

CurrentCharSet

Data type String

Specifies the current character set being used for the output of text relating to management of the Printer. The character set described by this property should also be listed in CharsetsSupported. The string specified by this property should conform to the semantics and syntax specified by section 4.1.2 (“Charset parameter”) in RFC 2046 (MIME Part 2) and contained in the IANA character-set registry. Examples include “utf-8”, “us-ascii” and “iso-8859-1”.

CurrentLanguage

Data type UInt16

Indicates the current printer language being used. A language that is being used by the Printer should also be listed in LanguagesSupported.

$CurrentLanguage_ReturnValue = 
@{
    1='Other'
    2='Unknown'
    3='PCL'
    4='HPGL'
    5='PJL'
    6='PS'
    7='PSPrinter'
    8='IPDS'
    9='PPDS'
   10='EscapeP'
   11='Epson'
   12='DDIF'
   13='Interpress'
   14='ISO6429'
   15='Line Data'
   16='MODCA'
   17='REGIS'
   18='SCS'
   19='SPDL'
   20='TEK4014'
   21='PDS'
   22='IGP'
   23='CodeV'
   24='DSCDSE'
   25='WPS'
   26='LN03'
   27='CCITT'
   28='QUIC'
   29='CPAP'
   30='DecPPL'
   31='Simple Text'
   32='NPAP'
   33='DOC'
   34='imPress'
   35='Pinwriter'
   36='NPDL'
   37='NEC201PL'
   38='Automatic'
   39='Pages'
   40='LIPS'
   41='TIFF'
   42='Diagnostic'
   43='CaPSL'
   44='EXCL'
   45='LCDS'
   46='XES'
   47='MIME'
}

CurrentMimeType

Data type String

Specifies the mime type currently being used by the Printer if the CurrentLanguage is set to indicate a mime type is in use (value = 47).

CurrentNaturalLanguage

Data type String

Identifies the current language being used by the Printer for management. The language listed in the CurrentNaturalLanguage property should also be listed in NaturalLanguagesSupported.

CurrentPaperType

Data type String

Specifies the paper type that the Printer is currently using. The string should be expressed in the form specified by ISO/IEC 10175 Document Printing Application (DPA) which is also summarized in Appendix C of RFC 1759 (Printer MIB).

Default

Data type Boolean

The Default property indicates whether the printer is the default printer on the computer.

DefaultCapabilities

Data type UInt16

Specifies which finishings and other capabilities of the Printer will be used by default. An entry in DefaultCapabilities should also be listed in the Capabilities array.

DefaultCopies

Data type UInt32

The number of copies that will be produced for a single Job unless otherwise specified.

DefaultLanguage

Data type UInt16

Indicates the default printer language. A language that is used as a default by the Printer should also be listed in LanguagesSupported.

$DefaultLanguage_ReturnValue = 
@{
    1='Other'
    2='Unknown'
    3='PCL'
    4='HPGL'
    5='PJL'
    6='PS'
    7='PSPrinter'
    8='IPDS'
    9='PPDS'
   10='EscapeP'
   11='Epson'
   12='DDIF'
   13='Interpress'
   14='ISO6429'
   15='Line Data'
   16='MODCA'
   17='REGIS'
   18='SCS'
   19='SPDL'
   20='TEK4014'
   21='PDS'
   22='IGP'
   23='CodeV'
   24='DSCDSE'
   25='WPS'
   26='LN03'
   27='CCITT'
   28='QUIC'
   29='CPAP'
   30='DecPPL'
   31='Simple Text'
   32='NPAP'
   33='DOC'
   34='imPress'
   35='Pinwriter'
   36='NPDL'
   37='NEC201PL'
   38='Automatic'
   39='Pages'
   40='LIPS'
   41='TIFF'
   42='Diagnostic'
   43='CaPSL'
   44='EXCL'
   45='LCDS'
   46='XES'
   47='MIME'
}

DefaultMimeType

Data type String

Specifies the default mime type used by the Printer if the DefaultLanguage is set to indicate a mime type is in use (value=47).

DefaultNumberUp

Data type UInt32

The number of print-stream pages that the Printer will render onto a single media sheet unless a Job specifies otherwise.

DefaultPaperType

Data type String

Specifies the paper type that the Printer will use if a PrintJob does not specify a particular type. The string should be expressed in the form specified by ISO/IEC 10175 Document Printing Application (DPA) which is also summarized in Appendix C of RFC 1759 (Printer MIB).

  DefaultPriority

Data type UInt32

The DefaultPriority property specifies the default priority value assigned to each print job.

Description

Data type String

The Description property provides a textual description of the object.

DetectedErrorState

Data type UInt16

Printer error information.

DeviceID

Data type String

DeviceID is an address or other identifying information to uniquely name the logical device.

  Direct

Data type Boolean

The Direct property indicates whether the print jobs should be sent directly to the printer. This means that no spool files are created for the print jobs.

  DoCompleteFirst

Data type Boolean

The DoCompleteFirst property indicates whether the printer should start jobs that have finished spooling as opposed to the order of the job received.

  DriverName

Data type String

The DriverName property specifies the name of the Win32 printer driver.

Example: Windows NT Fax Driver

  EnableBIDI

Data type Boolean

The EnableBIDI property indicates whether the printer can print bidirectionally.

  EnableDevQueryPrint

Data type Boolean

The EnableDevQueryPrint property indicates whether to hold documents in the queue, if document and printer setups do not match

ErrorCleared

Data type Boolean

ErrorCleared is a boolean property indicating that the error reported in LastErrorCode property is now cleared.

ErrorDescription

Data type String

ErrorDescription is a free-form string supplying more information about the error recorded in LastErrorCode property, and information on any corrective actions that may be taken.

  ErrorInformation

Data type String

An array providing supplemental information for the current error state, indicated in DetectedErrorState.

ExtendedDetectedErrorState

Data type UInt16

The ExtendedDetectedErrorState property reports standard error information. Any additional information should be recorded in the DetecteErrorState property.

ExtendedPrinterStatus

Data type UInt16

Status information for a Printer, beyond that specified in the LogicalDevice Availability property. Values include “Idle” (3) and an indication that the Device is currently printing (4).

$ExtendedPrinterStatus_ReturnValue = 
@{
    1='Other'
    2='Unknown'
    3='Idle'
    4='Printing'
    5='Warmup'
    6='Stopped Printing'
    7='Offline'
    8='Paused'
    9='Error'
   10='Busy'
   11='Not Available'
   12='Waiting'
   13='Processing'
   14='Initialization'
   15='Power Save'
   16='Pending Deletion'
   17='I/O Active'
   18='Manual Feed'
}

  Hidden

Data type Boolean

The Hidden property indicates whether the printer is hidden from network users.

HorizontalResolution

Data type UInt32

Printer’s horizontal resolution in pixels per inch.

InstallDate

Data type DateTime

The InstallDate property is datetime value indicating when the object was installed. A lack of a value does not indicate that the object is not installed.

JobCountSinceLastReset

Data type UInt32

Printer jobs processed since last reset. These jobs may be processed from one or more PrintQueues.

  KeepPrintedJobs

Data type Boolean

The KeepPrintedJobs property indicates whether the print spooler should not delete the jobs after they are completed.

LanguagesSupported

Data type UInt16

An array indicating the print languages natively supported.

$LanguagesSupported_ReturnValue = 
@{
    1='Other'
    2='Unknown'
    3='PCL'
    4='HPGL'
    5='PJL'
    6='PS'
    7='PSPrinter'
    8='IPDS'
    9='PPDS'
   10='EscapeP'
   11='Epson'
   12='DDIF'
   13='Interpress'
   14='ISO6429'
   15='Line Data'
   16='MODCA'
   17='REGIS'
   18='SCS'
   19='SPDL'
   20='TEK4014'
   21='PDS'
   22='IGP'
   23='CodeV'
   24='DSCDSE'
   25='WPS'
   26='LN03'
   27='CCITT'
   28='QUIC'
   29='CPAP'
   30='DecPPL'
   31='Simple Text'
   32='NPAP'
   33='DOC'
   34='imPress'
   35='Pinwriter'
   36='NPDL'
   37='NEC201PL'
   38='Automatic'
   39='Pages'
   40='LIPS'
   41='TIFF'
   42='Diagnostic'
   43='CaPSL'
   44='EXCL'
   45='LCDS'
   46='XES'
   47='MIME'
   48='XPS'
   49='HPGL2'
   50='PCLXL'
}

LastErrorCode

Data type UInt32

LastErrorCode captures the last error code reported by the logical device.

  Local

Data type Boolean

The Local property indicates whether the printer is attached to the network. A masquerading printer is printer that is implemented as local printers but has a port that refers to a remote machine. From the application perspective these hybrid printers should be viewed as printer connections since that is their intended behavior.

  Location

Data type String

The Location property specifies the physical location of the printer.

Example: Bldg. 38, Room 1164

MarkingTechnology

Data type UInt16

Specifies the marking technology used by the Printer.

$MarkingTechnology_ReturnValue = 
@{
    1='Other'
    2='Unknown'
    3='Electrophotographic LED'
    4='Electrophotographic Laser'
    5='Electrophotographic Other'
    6='Impact Moving Head Dot Matrix 9pin'
    7='Impact Moving Head Dot Matrix 24pin'
    8='Impact Moving Head Dot Matrix Other'
    9='Impact Moving Head Fully Formed'
   10='Impact Band'
   11='Impact Other'
   12='Inkjet Aqueous'
   13='Inkjet Solid'
   14='Inkjet Other'
   15='Pen'
   16='Thermal Transfer'
   17='Thermal Sensitive'
   18='Thermal Diffusion'
   19='Thermal Other'
   20='Electroerosion'
   21='Electrostatic'
   22='Photographic Microfiche'
   23='Photographic Imagesetter'
   24='Photographic Other'
   25='Ion Deposition'
   26='eBeam'
   27='Typesetter'
}

MaxCopies

Data type UInt32

The maximum number of copies that can be produced by the Printer from a single Job.

MaxNumberUp

Data type UInt32

The maximum number of print-stream pages that the Printer can render onto a single media sheet.

MaxSizeSupported

Data type UInt32

Specifies the largest Job (as a byte stream) that the Printer will accept in units of Kbytes. A value of zero indicates that no limit has been set.

MimeTypesSupported

Data type String

An array of free-form strings providing more detailed explanations of any mime types that are supported by the Printer. If data is provided for this property, then the value 47, “Mime”, should be included in the LanguagesSupported property.

Name

Data type String

The Name property defines the label by which the object is known. When subclassed, the Name property can be overridden to be a Key property.

NaturalLanguagesSupported

Data type String

Identifies the available languages for strings used by the Printer for the output of management information. The strings should conform to RFC 1766, for example “en” is used for English.

  Network

Data type Boolean

The Network property indicates whether the printer is a network printer.

PaperSizesSupported

Data type UInt16

An integer array indicating the types of paper supported.

PaperTypesAvailable

Data type String

An array of free-form strings specifying the types of paper that are currently available on the Printer. Each string should be expressed in the form specified by ISO/IEC 10175 Document Printing Application (DPA) which is also summarized in Appendix C of RFC 1759 (Printer MIB). Examples of valid strings are “iso-a4-colored” and “na-10×14-envelope”. By definition a paper size that is available and listed in PaperTypesAvailable should also appear in the PaperSizesSupported property.

  Parameters

Data type String

The Parameters property specifies optional parameters for the print processor.

Example: Copies=2

PNPDeviceID

Data type String

Indicates the Win32 Plug and Play device ID of the logical device. Example: *PNP030b

  PortName

Data type String

The PortName property identifies the ports that can be used to transmit data to the printer. If a printer is connected to more than one port, the names of each port are separated by commas. Under Windows 95, only one port can be specified.

Example: LPT1:, LPT2:, LPT3:

PowerManagementCapabilities

Data type UInt16

Indicates the specific power-related capabilities of the logical device. The array values, 0=”Unknown”, 1=”Not Supported” and 2=”Disabled” are self-explanatory. The value, 3=”Enabled” indicates that the power management features are currently enabled but the exact feature set is unknown or the information is unavailable. “Power Saving Modes Entered Automatically” (4) describes that a device can change its power state based on usage or other criteria. “Power State Settable” (5) indicates that the SetPowerState method is supported. “Power Cycling Supported” (6) indicates that the SetPowerState method can be invoked with the PowerState input variable set to 5 (“Power Cycle”). “Timed Power On Supported” (7) indicates that the SetPowerState method can be invoked with the PowerState input variable set to 5 (“Power Cycle”) and the Time parameter set to a specific date and time, or interval, for power-on.

PowerManagementSupported

Data type Boolean

Boolean indicating that the Device can be power managed – ie, put into a power save state. This boolean does not indicate that power management features are currently enabled, or if enabled, what features are supported. Refer to the PowerManagementCapabilities array for this information. If this boolean is $false, the integer value 1, for the string, “Not Supported”, should be the only entry in the PowerManagementCapabilities array.

PrinterPaperNames

Data type String

The PrinterPaperNames property indicates the list of paper sizes supported by the printer. The printer-specified names are used to represent supported paper sizes.

Example: B5 (JIS).

PrinterState

Data type UInt32

This property has been deprecated in favor of PrinterStatus, DetectedErrorState and ErrorInformation CIM properties that more clearly indicate the state and error status of the printer. The PrinterState property specifies a values indicating one of the possible states relating to this printer.

PrinterStatus

Data type UInt16

Status information for a Printer, beyond that specified in the LogicalDevice Availability property. Values include “Idle” (3) and an indication that the Device is currently printing (4).

$PrinterStatus_ReturnValue = 
@{
    1='Other'
    2='Unknown'
    3='Idle'
    4='Printing'
    5='Warmup'
    6='Stopped Printing'
    7='Offline'
}

  PrintJobDataType

Data type String

The PrintJobDataType property indicates the default data type that will be used for a print job.

  PrintProcessor

Data type String

The PrintProcessor property specifies the name of the print spooler that handles print jobs.

Example: SPOOLSS.DLL.

  Priority

Data type UInt32

The Priority property specifies the priority of the printer. The jobs on a higher priority printer are scheduled first.

  Published

Data type Boolean

The Published property indicates whether the printer is published in the network directory service.

  Queued

Data type Boolean

The Queued property indicates whether the printer buffers and queues print jobs.

  RawOnly

Data type Boolean

The RawOnly property indicates whether the printer accepts only raw data to be spooled.

  SeparatorFile

Data type String

The SeparatorFile property specifies the name of the file used to create a separator page. This page is used to separate print jobs sent to the printer.

ServerName

Data type String

The ServerName property identifies the server that controls the printer. If this string is NULL, the printer is controlled locally.

  Shared

Data type Boolean

The Shared property indicates whether the printer is available as a shared network resource.

  ShareName

Data type String

The ShareName property indicates the share name of the Win32 printing device.

Example: \\PRINTSERVER1\PRINTER2

SpoolEnabled

Data type Boolean

The SpoolEnabled property shows whether spooling is enabled for this printer.

Values:$true or $false.

The SpoolEnabled property has been deprecated. There is no replacementvalue and this property is now considered obsolete.

  StartTime

Data type DateTime

The StartTime property specifies the earliest time the printer can print a job (if the printer has been limited to print only at certain times). This value is expressed as time elapsed since 12:00 AM GMT (Greenwich mean time).

Status

Data type String

The Status property is a string indicating the current status of the object. Various operational and non-operational statuses can be defined. Operational statuses are “OK”, “Degraded” and “Pred Fail”. “Pred Fail” indicates that an element may be functioning properly but predicting a failure in the near future. An example is a SMART-enabled hard drive. Non-operational statuses can also be specified. These are “Error”, “Starting”, “Stopping” and “Service”. The latter, “Service”, could apply during mirror-resilvering of a disk, reload of a user permissions list, or other administrative work. Not all such work is on-line, yet the managed element is neither “OK” nor in one of the other states.

'OK','Error','Degraded','Unknown','Pred Fail','Starting','Stopping','Service','Stressed','NonRecover','No Contact','Lost Comm'

StatusInfo

Data type UInt16

StatusInfo is a string indicating whether the logical device is in an enabled (value = 3), disabled (value = 4) or some other (1) or unknown (2) state. If this property does not apply to the logical device, the value, 5 (“Not Applicable”), should be used.

$StatusInfo_ReturnValue = 
@{
    1='Other'
    2='Unknown'
    3='Enabled'
    4='Disabled'
    5='Not Applicable'
}

SystemCreationClassName

Data type String

The scoping System’s CreationClassName.

SystemName

Data type String

The scoping System’s Name.

TimeOfLastReset

Data type DateTime

Time of last reset of the Printer Device.

  UntilTime

Data type DateTime

The UntilTime property specifies the latest time the printer can print a job (if the printer has been limited to print only at certain times). This value is expressed as time elapsed since 12:00 AM GMT (Greenwich mean time).

VerticalResolution

Data type UInt32

Printer’s vertical resolution in pixels per inch.

  WorkOffline

Data type Boolean

The WorkOffline property indicates whether to queue print jobs on the computer if the printer is offline.

Methods

Examples

See Also

Help and Questions

  Community Content

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Content last updated: 2013-12-27 12:17:49 (UTC).

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